Fracture Healing Process
Our Human Body has a very unique and complex response to repair when a person gets a fractured bone/s.
This process is broadly classified as –
- Reactive Phase
- Reparative Phase
- Remodeling Phase
- Reactive Phase: This is the immediate or the reaction phase of the body after getting fractured. The site of injury gets swollen and blood supply to this site is increased for quick healing. Various blood proteins are secreted to repair the injured body tissue and the fractured bone tissue. Increased blood supply causes “Redness” of the skin, rise in the body temperature and if there is internal bleeding, the body starts flowing platelets, thrombin, fibrinogen etc to stop the blood loss.
- Reparative Phase: Here, body starts producing “Osteoblast”, (New Bone Cells) they gather and accumulate over each other and stick together to form the primary bone popularly known as “Callus”.
- Remodeling Phase: Once the Callus is formed and broken bone is united, body starts dissolving the excess callus with the help of cells called as “OsteoClast” which destroys excess callus and brings the shape of fractured bone to its normal shape and size which earlier was an inflamed portion.